شما اینجا هستید: خانهمقالاتکتاب هابرنامه ریزی و طراحی برای تحرک شهری پایدار

برنامه ریزی و طراحی برای تحرک شهری پایدار

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Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility: Global ReporUrban transport systems worldwide are faced by a multitude of challenges. In most cities, the economic dimensions of such challenges tend to receive most attention. The traffic gridlocks experienced on city roads and highways have been the basis for the development of most urban transportation strategies and policies. The solution prescribed in most of these has been to build more infrastructures for cars, with a limited number of cities improving public transport systems in a sustainable manner.

However, the transportation sector is also responsible for a number of other challenges that do not necessarily get solved by the construction of new infrastructure. It is,  example, responsible for a large proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions that lead to climate change. Furthermore, road traffic accidents are among the main causes of premature deaths in most countries and cities. Likewise, the health effects of noise and air pollution caused by motorized vehicles are a major cause for concern. In some cities, the physical separation of residential areas from places of employment, markets, schools and health services force many urban residents to spend increasing amounts of time, and as much as a third (and sometimes even more) of their income, on public transport. While those among the urban populace that have access to a private car, or can afford to make regular use of public transport, see traffic jams and congestion as a major concern; this is a marginal issue for people living in ‘transport poverty’. Their only affordable option for urban transportation is their own feet. Persons with low household incomes – but also others, including many women, and vulnerable groups such as the young, the elderly, the disabled, and ethnic and other minorities – form the bulk of those characterized as living in transport poverty. Thus, when the Secretary-General of the United Nations launched his ‘۵-year action agenda’ in Jan. 2012, he identified sustainable transportation as one of the major building blocks of sustainable development. In particular, he stressed the need for urgent action to develop more sustainable urban ‘transport systems that can address rising congestion and pollution’. He noted that action was required by a range of actors,

including ‘aviation, marine, ferry, rail, road and urban public transport providers, along with Governments and investors’.

 

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