شما اینجا هستید: خانهمقالاتمعماریPrivacy in Traditional Architecture of Iran

Privacy in Traditional Architecture of Iran

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Privacy in Traditional Architecture of Iran 

Abstract

The wealthy and elegant image of the traditional society is because of its spiritual
attraction which incorporates all the images and patterns.
The spiritual principles in the traditional architecture of Iran have based on cultural and
ideological principles.
Privacy as an important principle which affects all the sides of the human life has formed
beautifully in the traditional architecture and had considerable affects on the spatial character
and the way of formation of the various functions beside each other.
This article is an attempt to find the Privacy and effective factors on it and declaring its basis
and clarifying its affects on the spatial foundation in Iran’s traditional Architecture.
Qualitative criteria and urban hierarchy in the Quran
Dr. Mohammad Hassan Ebrahimi
Senior Research Associate and Visiting Professor at Planning Research Institute, London
Abstract
Classical urban studies of Islam have paid little attention to the issue of urban hierarchy in
primary Islamic religious sources, and to the way in which this has affected Muslim geographers
for centuries to come. Among these primary sources, the holy book of the Quran is particularly
important as it has suggested, through a number of narratives regarding cities and urban life, a
number of qualitative and quantitative criteria that are often not recognised or lost in translation.
This article deals with the question of urban hierarchy in the Reverent Quran by firstly
identifying and categorising the major types of urban settlement as noted in this book. It will
demonstrate that there are many references to the built environment, cities and civil life in the
Quran that can, in physical terms, be divided into three different types of urban agglomerations;
"size" and "population" being the basis of these distinctions. Secondly, it tries to show the
language and logic behind this hierarchy. The quality of urban life and the possibility of
progressive growth will also be the criteria in which urban settlements are classified and
distinguished.
Attention to these details will hopefully pave the way for a student of urban studies to
look at this holy text with a professional eye and to appreciate the significance of its suggested
criteria for the categorisation of various urban settlements, both in their qualitative and
quantitative characteristics. In addition to this, a short reference will be made to a number of
important Islamic cities, as defined by the Reverent Quran, and will note the socio-urban elements
that sets them apart from other conventional types of urban settlements.
Physical - spatial development of Nalos city :
A GIS Analysis with emphasis on environmental impacts
Fereydoon Naghibi, M.Sc. of GIS, Art Faculty, Urmia University
Hamid Shimohammadi, Ph.D. Of Transportation , Faculty of Art, Urmia University
Abstract
Urban ever-increasing development, irregular population growing up and immigrations to
the cities have led to unplanned and uncontrollable urban development and changes in urban
spatial structure. For this reasons, informed guidance, principle organization and spatial
planning are necessary for urban sprawl and development. In this research, different forms of
urban development were considered and development basic barriers including rivers,
topography, geology, ecological conditions, facilities, industries, factories… were determined
and the role of each one was surveyed. Sprawl can contribute to a host of problems, including
heavy traffic, daily increasing of air pollution, and destruction of natural habitat and
environment. So development trends that are based on effective parameters especially
environmental impacts were modeled with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The quality
of urban planning and management can be upgraded when available and valid data are handled
in an advanced manner with the aid of GIS. The innovative technology can support planning
and decision making by offering relatively quick response on analytical questions and
monitoring issues. Experienced expert determined the degree and primacy of urban sprawl and
development parameters generally and for nalos case study, these parameters and criteria and its
weights were marked, then were modeled with GIS for nalos developments. With using GIS and
it capabilities in calculation of land size forecasting for Nalos development and its positioning
we could take a step in planning directions such as stable development achievements.
Urban Informal Settlements in Ahvaz city
Majedi Hamid
Assistant Professor, faculty of Art & Architecture, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad
University.
Lotfi Kouresh
Ph.D. Condidate, Science and Research Branch˭ Islamic Azad University
Abstract
Informal settlements results from rapid urbanization and economic problems of such
countries as the developing ones. Iran faced with this problem after the land reform in 1963.
Expansion of such settlements brought about so many socio-economic and physical problems in
metropolitans. Ahvaz city is a big city in Iran. Due to some economic and geographical pull
factors in Ahvaz, this city has been a center to draw people from other parts in the region. A
large group of immigrants, due to their economic problems managed to construct informal
settlements here and there. After the war between Iran and Iraq in 1980, it caused further
problems and the reconstruction of war- striken regions in Khuzestan province did not provide a
chance for the city officials to control such unwanted abnormalities.
Informal settlements expanded in large parts of Ahvaz. Urban development plans, which
were supposed to solve the problems and urban land policies, contributed such problems, and
urban land policies contributed such problems to be worsened. At the time being a large group
of population lives in informal settlements in Ahvaz city.
This paper aims to identify the main origins of forming informal settlements in Ahvaz as a
metropolitan city and also to suggest necessary approaches to cope with the problems.
The methodology of this paper is based on field studies and computerized analysis on the
data. The results made have been offered as tables. The final results made indicate that the most
important source of forming such settlements in Ahvaz, includes city to city migration which it,
in turn originated from the conditions produced by imposed war and bad economic conditions in
the region. The leading motivation for migration has been economic condition as well as to earn
the immigrants living. Low price of housing and land and the people dependency on the
relatives caused the people to settle in such settlements. Some suggestions have been finally
given to reduce the deficiencies and problems concerned with such settlements
An Analytical Approach to Urban Heterogeneous Spots in
Tehran Fabric
Arash Baghdadi
Ph.D. Condidate, Science and Research Branch˭ Islamic Azad University
Abstract
One of the main problems in Tehran metropolitan which unfortunately has not been
properly paid attention to, is the urban heterogeneous spots. In other words, the subject which is
going to be discussed in this article, is the problems arisen from immediate neighborhood of two
heterogeneous fabrics. In this article it has been tried to address Schizophrenia existed in the
face of Tehran, due to economic and social problems by itself, at first, and then to explain the
various aspects of discussion from urban renewal viewpoint, as far as possible. The urban
renewal challenges would be also finally discussed as an entry for thinking and finding solution
to begin planning for coming out for crisis, in these areas of city of Tehran, otherwise we will
witness very nufavorable social, Cultural, environmental and political consequences in near
future. What is today called as the problems of Tehran metropolitan, unfortunately has root in
the policies of urban planning, in our country since not far past up to now. Immigration from all
population centers to Tehran, irregular growth of urban population uncoordinated with urban
infrastructure development, environmental pollution and low quality of living spaces, erosion of
self-growing fabric in most areas which due to not having the minmum construction standards
and service and urban per capita, have been made in very short time and as infected organ,
corrupted its adjacent ones These are some samples of problems that city of Tehran is
confronted with. These cases caused that the greatest growth pole of the country to lose its
capability to attract the possibilities and parameters required for efficient development, and due
to heavy pressure imposed by other towns and villages, this city is now suffering and confronted
with a serious problem which only by injection of extra budgets and allocating additional funds
as calmatives, it may be temporarily reduced. Considering that treatment approach is preferred
to the prevention one in our country, and despite that most of the aforesaid cases have been
exactly investigated by the urban renewal experts, Tehran metropolitan is still being expanded
as rapidly as before because no serious efforts are made to find the root cause of the problem.
The Role of Mediated Experience on the knowledge of the
Contemporary Architecture Students of Iran
Parisa Alimohammadi
Ph.D. Condidate, Science and Research Branch˭ Islamic Azad University
Abstract
This article aims to undestanding of Mediated Experience and effect of that on the
contemporary architecture students of Iran according to a case study on students of Tehran
university and Azad university ( in Tehran) in 2006-2007.
With the strong presence of media in contemporary life that change the meaning
of time and space, people in different fields, because of fast speed, ubiquities, low cost
and attraction, obtain major part of their knowledge and experience from medias in
scale of the world . Also in Iranian architecture field,with medias, we are faced to a
global view which has challenges in itself about tradition and modernity.
Generaly this research seeks to know the role of media in learning of architecture
students ,that can be seen : major part of the architectural knowledge of student ( in both
university)
obtain from the media. this knowledge is not deep enough due to lack of enough
knowledge to the process of creation, philosophical bases and related cultural and social
issues .but medias with high capacity can have a big role in the academic system of Iran.
Introduction of a model for quality of life evaluation the
city centers.

Afshin kokabi
Ph.D. Condidate, Science and Research Branch˭ Islamic Azad University
Abstract
This article aims to evaluate quality of life in urban centers according to a case study on
khorramabad city center. In order to do so and according to cultural and social situations of
khorram abad city center, some criteria (economic, social, physical ana infrastructural, aesthetic,
environmental etc.) are selected to evaluate quality of life in the field of research. Results are
processed using “analytical hierarchy process” method to prioritise criteria and sub-indicators
and to determine this city centers status in the hierarchy of urban city centers.
Generaly this research seeks to provide a simple, dynamic, tolerant and systematic matrix to
measure quality of life in city centers with different charasteristics. Findings of this research
suggest quality of life in khorramabads city center as one in the low rank of hierarchy
 

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